As you imagine going into retirement you might dream of traveling or tending your garden. I think everyone’s goal out of retirement is to be able to reap the benefits of the many years of hard work. Stress should be the last thing on your mind but for many retirees, they have some top regrets like; not saving enough, relying on social security to heavily, and not paying down debt. How does one avoid these issues?
1. Not saving enough
Take advantage of employee sponsored 401(k) is the obvious choice but statistics range from 30%-40% of private sector employees don't have access to a 401(k). In that case, saving a Traditional IRA and Roth IRA wouldn't be enough. Individual accounts for savings are instrumental in creating cash flow. For those who also don't have access to a pension, universal life insurance products widely known by Tony Robbins have become a great savings tool as well.
2. Relying too heavily on Social Security
When discussing cash flow there are many tools out there that retirees and individuals should consider to make up the difference. Dividends from an individual account, annuities, life insurance, and investment properties. All of these have their pro's and con's but if you are able to speak with a professional about products or investments well before retirement in your 40's or even 30's quick conversations can have a lasting impact. In reality, you should also keep in mind that the Social Security benefit will be pushed back later and you may never get it.
3. Debt in retirement
Growing up we were told not all debts are equal and that some are good for tax purposes or to build credit, these rules don't apply when you retire. 10 years prior to retirement you should seriously consider a debt consolidation strategy to co-inside with your retirement date. I say 10 years to make sure you are not caught up in with tax burdens from large withdrawals from an IRA. You will always want to talk to a tax professional about consequences.
Above all the most important action is to put a timeline together. When you are able to review it regularly with a professional they can help guide you to avoid major pitfalls. I think you will look forward to my next post “Retirement Checklist”.
After I got my first source of steady income at 22 I kept thinking "Why am I giving my money away to rent when I could have a house paid off by 50"? I pictured what I'd do in retirement, take my suped-up golf cart to the course and then head to the store for groceries. I had to make sure there were a couple of restaurants that were in walking distance too. I even wanted to be close to a hospital in case I got hurt. When I found my checklist home I bought it, not with my father not with a spouse all alone as a single woman at 23. I lived in it for a year before I was offered a job in San Francisco, then I ended up turning it into a rental down the line.
As millennials, my husband and I are looking to purchase another rental property and my mindset is still the same. If we can start purchasing rental properties now they should be paid off by the time we need retirement income. We don't have pensions and while we are paying into social security "full retirement age" will most likely be pushed back to age 70.
Why is passive income through rentals so attractive? Here are my top 4 reasons.
When evaluating properties not all are created equal and realistically you should have a property manager helping you along the way. But if you are able to start now you could have multiple properties paid outright to improve your income stream in retirement. Now start asking a professional if you might fit your retirement plan.
With Women’s History month coming to a close it’s be wonderful to celebrate the strides that women have made to get us to have equality but it never ceases to amaze me how finances can be so lopsided. There are still practices out there that will funnel questions through my husband about our finances (not knowing my background) and keep little eye contact with me. Why is that?
It wasn’t until recently that the finance industry was EXCLUSIVELY run - and dealt primarily with men. While most data is comparable between men and women about preparing a plan, what is their biggest concerns, and what’s important in retirement. The biggest difference between men and women is where they turn for advice. Over half of women surveyed cited they would go to workplace resources as their first choice, where most men cited online resources*. As I write this blog post I am aware that my primary intended audience will not find this information because of that stat.
Here are my tips on becoming financial fit:
As you look for someone to handle your finances you need to come up with an outline to guide you. Along with that you must feel confident in the relationship that you have with your advisor and have regular communication. I look forward to sitting down with you to go over your goals and plan to move forward to an early retirement.
*Empowered - Embrace responsibility northamericancompany.com
It seems like the answer should be fairly straight forward but in reality it depends on several factors the biggest one being taxes. If you are looking to take out a lump sum of money to pay off your mortgage before you go into retirement you may want to reconsider the taxable implications of how you have received this money. Let’s take 2 different examples of paying off a $50,000 mortgage and your taxable income is $38,500 as a single filer.
Example A: IRA Distribution
Withdrawing money from these accounts will be taxed at ordinary income. If you are going to need $50,000 you will need to pay taxes on that distribution. If you add the $38,500 wages to the $50,000 distribution you may jump from a 12% bracket to 24% 1. In that case you will need to pull out roughly $66,000 to cover your taxes
Example B: Investment Account
The basics on withdrawing from these accounts are conditional so I have made a map that will guide you in the amount of taxes that you may have to pay.
Another great option is what I like to call bridging. This is when you have decided that you have saved enough in your retirement account and instead of maxing out contributions you reduce it to the min for the match and save the rest in a high yield savings account. This is not for everyone and you will need to be aware of the tax implications that it will cause you. With that being said if you are looking to use the funds less than 12 months you will have protection of principal and growth at rate from 2% or more with full liquidity.
Reducing your debt in retirement is always a best practice because you never know what will happen. I highly recommend before you make a decision like this is to talk to your CPA and financial advisor to see how a longer term plan can reduce your taxable liability and coordinate timing of your retirement.
Sources: https://taxfoundation.org/2019-tax-brackets/ 1
Happy Valentine’s Day! I have to admit this is one holiday that I could never get behind because of two reasons. First, were men "had to" buy women gifts or cards to prove their affection to one another, most of the time in front of others. Second, I worked in the restaurant industry for 10 years. If that's not explanation enough I would recommend you pick up a shift at your local steakhouse on this day.
While I may be scorned from the celebration I know that it’s a good reminder to keep you relationship top of mind. And if you are a financial advisor, like me, it’s the perfect time to remind you that the number one stress in relationships is MONEY.
If you are in a deeply committed relationship there is nothing more sexy than to renew your commitment to your mutual financial success. Here are some ideas to say “I do” to this month.
• Vow to protect yourselves from emergencies
During the government shutdown early this year we learned that 40% of Americans don’t have enough money set aside to handle even a $400 emergency. Whether you determine you want an amount equal to six months’ or 12 months’ worth of living expenses, vow to set aside an emergency fund in liquid, readily-accessible accounts so that you have adequate cash on hand should you need it.
• Vow to make saving and retirement planning a priority for you both
Even though retirement accounts are held separately, it’s important to have a shared vision about your retirement together. Be sure to meet with your retirement planner or financial advisor to discuss your future goals and time horizon. Other financial goals should also be prioritized so that you’re both on the same page, like saving up for the kids’ college expenses or the daughters’ weddings.
• Vow to protect your family finances by shifting risk
Along the same lines as an emergency fund, work with a financial advisor to determine how much risk you both face from other potentially life-altering events. What would happen if one of you suddenly became unable to work or function due to a disability? What if you required nursing care? What if one of you suddenly passed away?
Insurance companies offer policies designed to shift many of life’s unexpected financial risks away from your family. Be sure to compare policies offered by multiple highly-rated insurance companies to help ensure you get the best coverage for your premium dollar.
• Vow not to keep secrets about money and keep the communication flowing
Hopefully you’ve been honest from the beginning of your relationship about your level of debt, how you handle sticking to a budget, or whether or not you have a low credit score. Understanding each other’s financial position and money habits is the first part of being able to take control of your finances together in order to achieve mutual goals as a couple.
And remember that it’s important that both of you understands your overall combined financial picture, even if one of you pays the bills or the other takes the lead role in investing. Don’t delegate this, make it a point to stay in the loop with financial decisions. Even if you have separate bank accounts to handle the day-to-day finances, you both need to understand where you’re at and where you’re headed when it comes to your financial future as a couple, especially your plan for retirement.
Even if it doesn’t seem exactly romantic, talking about money can make your relationship a more perfect union for the long-term. Aiming “for richer” rather than “for poorer” together can strengthen your matrimonial bonds.
If your relationship is maturing and you are looking for a mediator to help guide you with couples financial counseling and advising. Text me (425) 610-9226 Book an appointment.
CNN, “40% of Americans can't cover a $400 emergency expense.” https://money.cnn.com/2018/05/22/pf/emergency-expenses-household-finances/index.html (accessed February 11, 2019).
Forbes, “6 Financial Vows Couples Should Take To Heart.” https://www.forbes.com/sites/judithward/2019/01/23/6-financial-vows-couples-should-take-to-heart/?ss=personalfinance#1a8149385241 (accessed February 11, 2019).
Many times at the end of my meetings, after we have discussed all the statements that they have brought and we have the projections lined up. The client will say “I had an old 401(k) but I never did anything about it. I don’t have any statements anymore and I think they changed to a different company. “
As a common occurrence I have come up with the process for your to get back your old 401(k). First, call your previous employer HR department and ask them for the current 401(k) providers. Company sponsored plans move all the participants over to the new custodian and will have the providers information to give to you.
Most likely you will have to go through the phone tree and verify your identity. At that point you will be passed along to a representative who will verify this information again and they will ask you how can they help you! This is when you are going to ask to proceed with an IRA Rollover.
What does that mean? You are no longer working at the company and you will be opening up your new account to deposit your funds into so that you can manage it on your own. You can set up an account at any custodian like Schwab, Vanguard, or TD Ameritrade. These are the market leaders for low cost trading and have a plethora of investment options.
The helpful representative will ask you if you have seen the 30 day tax notification. This notification will be provided by the company within 30 days or you can view the one in the source notes. You will have 60 days after you receive the payment to make the deposit. If you do not do a direct rollover, the Plan is required to withhold 20% of the payment for federal income taxes 1.
At that point the representative will confirm the address and name of the new firm you would like the payment made out to. This check will either be mailed to you or the receiving firm.
My Company closed down and I can’t find my 401(k)
Whether you had to resign abruptly or was terminated from your job one of the last things you think to do is rollover your 401(k) into a self directed IRA. But many people can never find the time to do this and naturally in retirement you now have all the time in the world to find that lost money. But in the case where the company has been dissolved we are here to help.
Companies are required by law to mail abandoned funds to the owner’s last known address. If they’re returned or the owner can’t be reached, the assets must be relinquished to the state. In Washington it’s easy enough to find these funds visit www.ucp.dor.wa.gov/. Then enter your first and last name then search.
You will go through a claim process to get receive these funds and will need to verify your identity. Filing electronically will be the fastest way to process your claim. Lost 401(k) holding mutual funds could take up to 90 days to process. Create your username and password to check in along the way.
When you do receive your funds make sure to deposit it into your IRA within 60 days to avoid the 20% taxation. If you need help along the way we are always here to help. Feel free to contact us at 425-610-9226
https://www.irs.gov/retirement-plans/retirement-plan-participant-notices-distributions 1 https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-09-68.pdf
We work with dozens of people to help them create retirement plans. But in order to get to a successful retirement, there are thousands of small decisions along the way. Like, should you drive through your local coffee place and grab a latte this morning? Go with the office gang for lunch at that little bistro across the street, which usually costs you around $15? Should you order pizza delivered for dinner tonight because you didn’t go to the grocery store yesterday? Grab that new shirt because it’s 50% off?
Sticking to a budget is the beginning of mastering your money. But why do so many of us find it difficult?
A recent article in Forbes magazine may hold some clues as well as ideas about how to take control of your discretionary expenses. The author, Thomas Dichter, advocates writing every expenditure down, to the penny, as well as calculating how well you met your budget on an annual basis. (He usually comes within 1% of his goal, and many times comes in under, which he attributes to his meticulous record-keeping.)
Mr. Dichter explains how he started the process:
I forced myself to write down what I had spent under each category. After a week my inner accountant had emerged and I kept at it. By month six I noticed something magical: the act of tracking expenses had a feedback effect on my spending. My expenses in the categories that all of us tend to ignore (take-out food and coffee, a candy bar at a vending machine, impulse buying a shirt, or a magazine at the check out line, etc.) were going down, not because I wanted to deny myself, but because I could see what was happening.
At the end of that first full year those few minutes a day of what became compulsive recording paid off. It took me about a half hour to add up each category and then total it all (a side benefit became obvious when I had to do my taxes). Then I compared that total to my take-home income for the year and saw I was ahead, for the first time in my life. I decided to do a budget for the next year, using the past year's expenses as a guide. At the end of that year I saw I had come within 1% of my budget estimate. Passing that self-imposed test soon became an annual goal. Each year on December 31st, I see how close I've come to my budget estimate of twelve months earlier. Usually I come within that 1%, sometimes over but more often under.
The author goes on to say that he believes that easy access to credit, along with an economy based on consumption, contributes to the overspending problem in America. And the main excuse for resisting his simple method—“I don’t have time”—is just a cover story for other, deeper reasons. For example, he believes that some people don’t really want to know what they spend, because it might rock their feeling that “everything is okay.” Some operate on the subconscious wavelength that it’s better to risk their financial future rather than turn into some kind of accounting nerd or tightwad.
As financial advisors who work with people every single day, we are here to tell you that managing your finances is possible, and might even be easier than you think. If you'd like to step by step help check out Financial Detox. Every Monday a new task or tip will be posted. These tips will not take long to do but they will have a major impact on your big picture.
“A New Year's Resolution To Manage Your Finances: Why Is Sticking To It So Hard?” by Thomas Dichter, Contributor, Forbes.com. https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasdichter/2019/01/01/a-new-years-resolution-to-manage-your-finances-why-is-it-so-hard/#38ef8202106f (accessed January 14, 2019).
Last week was the first anniversary of Family Retirement, LLC. Most people can say their first year in business is the hardest. If you know me from before, then you know that my first year was pretty rocky. After an unsuccessful business buyout, I was advised by my attorney to limit my marketing. This limited my ability to reach many former clients I had helped for years. As I was building my business I met with many marketing companies to help build business leads. I got help with marketing and social media strategies (which helped build this blog). But a surprisingly good number of them all told me that I should do what everyone else in the industry did -- Dinner Seminars. If you are not familiar with Dinner Seminars you might be too young but don’t worry once you reach a certain age you will receive a mailer to invite you to dinner at a very nice restaurant. Then all you do is eat nice food and listen to a presentation about annuities--the elephant in the room.
I held 4 dinner seminars and invited many of my clients to see how they felt about it. The comments I got back were disturbing: “What kind of sad dinner parties does she throw? My advisor had one on a boat.” Or: “That’s it? Does she give you any other kind of free stuff?”
I realized that these are not the people I want to serve.
My choice in building this business was based on the fact that people need help in all aspects of their finances -- not just those who have the money set for retirement. When I take a look around and see the people who are in my industry I definitely do not fit in. I want to make real changes in the industry by mentoring my clients. I think this can only be done if I start changing the language I use about my profession: I am a Lifestyle Advisor.
I am not only someone who will get you on track with your investments and help you understand the tax consequences of your retirement income stream. I am here to help you create your financial roadmap and advise on changes that happen through your and your family’s life as you continue to grow.
A Lifestyle Advisor will understand that it's not only about investable assets, but other assets that combine into your net worth. As a Lifestyle Advisor, I have broken down my work into two programs: Roadmap to Retirement and Financial Detox.
Financial Detox is for people who need help budgeting, paying off debt, a basic understanding of personal finances and wealth accumulation.
Roadmap to Retirement is for people who are 10 years away from retirement and need to start forming a plan for income streams, tax efficiency, have or want rental properties and want to be set up for success.
Here (link) you can sign up for monthly emails on financial topics to keep you on top of your financial future. The best thing you can do is schedule a phone appointment with me and see what steps we can take together. There is no charge for this meeting, if you decide to move forward with one of my services it’s 1.25% for me to manage your money, $250 per hour for projects, or NO CHARGE to you for insurance products (the insurance company will pay me to work with you). Just like you would go to a store you’d want to know the price of what you might be paying. If I am not in the budget talk to me and let’s see how we can figure it out.
Check my content out on Facebook @familyRetire or Instagram @familyretire
1. The Social Security COLA (cost of living adjustment) in 2019 will be 2.8%.
This is the largest COLA increase from the Social Security Administration since 2012.1
2. Social Security benefits are often taxed.
If you work and are at full retirement age or older, you can earn as much as you want and your benefits will not be reduced; however, you may have to pay taxes on them. If your annual combined income is from $32-$44,000 filing jointly, you may have to pay taxes on 50% of your benefits. If your income is more than $44,000 filing jointly, then you may have to pay taxes on up to 85% of your benefits.2
Social Security calculates "combined income" by adding one-half of your Social Security benefits to your other income.2
3. RMDs can have a profound effect on taxes.
Many people forget that RMDs (Required Minimum Distributions) begin at age 70½. You are required by the IRS to start withdrawing money annually from your 401(k)s, traditional IRAs and other tax-deferred accounts using a precise formula, and you must do so by December 31st of each year or owe the income tax plus a 50% penalty.
Since you’ve never paid taxes on this money, you will owe income tax on your withdrawals based on your tax bracket for the year, and the income from your withdrawals are added in to the combined income amount that Social Security calculates. Some Baby Boomers are shocked at the amount of income tax they will actually owe, and come to the realization that their nest egg is actually much less than they thought.
RMDs, tax planning and income planning are the major reasons having a retirement plan in place is so important.
4. Medicare isn’t free.
Not only is Medicare not free, but the premiums are usually deducted from your Social Security check.
Medicare health and drug plan providers often make changes to their policies each year, including changes to costs, coverage, deductible and coinsurance amounts, and what pharmacies and providers are in their network, so it pays to do your homework every year. Medicare Open Enrollment runs from October 15 through December 7, and this is your opportunity to make new choices and pick plans that work best for you; changes made are effective as of January 1, 2019.
During Medicare Open Enrollment you can sign up for a Medicare Prescription Drug (Part D) Plan, switch plans, drop your Part D coverage altogether, switch from Original Medicare to a Medicare Advantage plan or select a Medicare Advantage plan from another provider.
You should review drug costs because the prices of some brand-name drugs could be lower next year. As part of the recent tax plan changes, some drug manufacturers will pay more of the costs for enrollees in the drug coverage gap (also known as the “donut hole”) starting in 2019.3
5. Everyone should have an estate plan
Estate plans are for the people you leave behind when you pass away. Here are some things you should be aware of:
For more information about these issues as well as many other retirement issues, book your appointment from the Home screen or below
1 “Social Security Benefit to Increase 2.8 Percent in 2019,” AARP.org. https://www.aarp.org/retirement/social-security/info-2018/new-cola-benefit-2019.html (accessed October 16, 2018).
2 “Benefits Planner | Income Taxes And Your Social Security Benefit,” SSA.gov. https://www.ssa.gov/planners/taxes.html (accessed October 16, 2018).
3 “Medicare ‘Doughnut Hole’ Will Close in 2019,” AARP. https://www.aarp.org/health/medicare-insurance/info-2018/part-d-donut-hole-closes-fd.html (accessed October 9, 2018).
4 “How the new tax law upends estate planning,” Financial-planning.com https://www.financial-planning.com/news/how-the-new-tax-law-changes-estate-planning-trusts-income-tax-planning (accessed October 17, 2018).
Every other year my husbands family has a reunion tradition it’s call STI or “Spending The Inheritance”. Grandpa passed away shortly after he retired and grandma started a tradition to get the family to see each other more often. During this year’s trip to Kauai grandma had a fall just before bed. We call the emergency services to see if she needed to be taken to the hospital, but it seemed that there would be little they could do. Since this was not her first fall it triggered the conversation about using her long-term care. I offered to look at her policy and get what might be the pitfalls. I didn’t get a chance to look at her policy because Thanksgiving she had a stroke and passed away shortly after. She never got to use the policy. Before purchasing a standalone policy these are the five things you should know.
1. There are different types of facilities providing increasing levels of care.1
If you hear the words “long-term care” and automatically think “nursing home,” you should know that long-term care encompasses a wide range of options and a progression of choices. The most self-sufficient seniors might live in independent retirement living facilities, while assisted living often adds medication management, daily personal care, meals and housekeeping.
Continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs) offer a tiered approach so that seniors can transition on site as they require more services. Adult foster care is available in private homes run by trained caregivers—there are even special homes designated for military veterans with chronic medical conditions overseen by the Dept. of Veterans Affairs.
Of course, nursing homes are also part of the spectrum, offering 24-hour supervision, nursing care, help with daily living activities and three meals per day. Secured memory care units, which are more expensive, are often located within nursing homes to provide a safe but more homey environment for people suffering with Alzheimer’s or dementia. Skilled nursing facilities (SNF) are not identical to nursing homes—they often staff doctors and nurses around the clock and offer physical rehabilitation services. People in these facilities may be bedridden, need two people move them, and require dialysis or other intensive treatments.
2. Statistics vary on how many people will need long-term care.
With 10,000 people turning 65 every single day in America until around year 20302, there are varying statistics regarding the need for long-term care—some as high as 75%.3 In late August, Morningstar put together their 2018 updated statistics, placing the percentage of people 65 or older who will need long-term care at 52%, the majority female.4
3. Alzheimer’s dementia is on the rise due to longevity.5
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, “Someone in the United States develops Alzheimer's dementia every 66 seconds.” An estimated 5.5 million Americans—one in 10 people age 65 and older (10%)—are living with Alzheimer's dementia, almost two-thirds of them women.
In addition to gender, race evidently also plays a role in the risk of developing the disease. Hispanics are about one and one-half times as likely to have Alzheimer's or other dementia as whites, while African Americans are about twice as likely to have Alzheimer's or other dementia as whites.
4. Long-term care costs are high, and rising.
According to Genworth’s 15th Annual Cost of Care Survey, the “blended annual median cost of long-term care support services has increased an average of 3% from 2017 to 2018, with some care categories exceeding two to three times the 2.1% U.S. inflation rate.” 7
Annual National Median Costs 2018 8
Homemaker Services: $48,048
Home Health Aide: $50,336
Adult Day Health Care: $18,720
Assisted Living Facility: $48,000
Semi-Private Room in a Nursing Home: $89,297
Private Room in a Nursing Home: $100,375
Most expensive states in order are Alaska, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Connecticut, New York, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Vermont, Delaware, Maine, Washington, Minnesota, Oregon and California. 7
5. Hybrid policies are now more popular than standalone LTC policies.9
When it comes to helping people solve the problem of potentially needing long-term care, hybrid whole life, hybrid indexed universal life (IUL) and hybrid annuities have been more popular than traditional long-term care policies, and they are becoming more popular every year.
The reasons for the rise in popularity have to do with a combination of factors, including the rising cost of standalone LTC policies as well as the attractive features of some new hybrid annuities and life policies. The elimination of the “use it or lose it” nature of typical long-term care insurance policies, in some cases providing a death benefit if the policyholder does not need long-term care during their lifetime, is often cited as the most attractive feature of hybrid policies.
If you would like more information about how to make sure you are covered for long-term care if you need it, please call/text (425) 610-9226.
1 “What's the Difference Between Types of Long-Term Care Facilities?” USNews.com. https://health.usnews.com/wellness/aging-well/articles/2018-10-30/whats-the-difference-between-types-of-long-term-care-facilities (accessed November 5, 2018).
2 “Baby Boomers Retire,” Pewresearch.org. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2010/12/29/baby-boomers-retire/ (accessed November 5, 2018).
3 “Long Term Care Statistics,” LTCtree.com. https://www.ltctree.com/long-term-care-statistics/ (accessed November 5, 2018).
4 “75 Must-Know Statistics About Long-Term Care: 2018 Edition,” Morningstar.com. https://www.morningstar.com/articles/879494/75-mustknow-statistics-about-longterm-care-2018-ed.html (accessed November 5, 2018)
5 “Alzheimer’s Is Accelerating Across the U.S.,” AARP.org https://www.aarp.org/health/conditions-treatments/info-2017/alzheimers-rates-rise-fd.html (accessed November 5, 2018)
7 “Top 15 Most Expensive States for Long-Term Care: 2018,” Thinkadvisor.com. https://www.thinkadvisor.com/2018/10/24/top-15-most-expensive-states-for-long-term-care-20/ (accessed November 5, 2018).
8 “Cost of Care Survey 2018,” Genworth.com https://www.genworth.com/aging-and-you/finances/cost-of-care.html (accessed November 5, 2018).
9 “Why hybrid policies are so popular,” Thinkadvisor.com. https://www.thinkadvisor.com/2018/03/28/why-are-the-new-hybrid-ltc-policies-so-popular/ (accessed November 5, 2018).
“How clients can use annuities to pay for long-term care,” Financial-planning.com. https://www.financial-planning.com/news/as-ltc-insurance-prices-rise-long-term-care-annuities-gain-popularity (accessed November 5, 2018).
“Could Your Long-Term Care Premiums Be Hiding in Plain Sight?” Morningstar.com. https://www.morningstar.com/articles/879259/could-your-longterm-care-premiums-be-hiding-in-pla.html (accessed November 5, 2018).
“Hybrid policies for long-term care,” Chicagotribune.com. https://www.chicagotribune.com/business/sns-201806261243--tms--savingsgctnzy-a20180626-20180626-story.html (accessed November 5, 2018).
“Hybrid Policies Allow You to Have Your Long-Term Care Insurance Cake and Eat It, Too,” Elderlawanswers.com. https://www.elderlawanswers.com/hybrid-policies-allow-you-to-have-your-long-term-care-insurance-cake-and-eat-it-too-15541 (accessed November 5, 2018).